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Some engineers are employed to design, develop, produce and maintain equipment that is used in the monitoring of health. This includes x-ray machines, sonic scanning equipment and numerous other devices used by healthcare professionals in the diagnosis of disease. Most are mechanical engineers but sometimes, such as in pacemakers, there is also an electronic component. These are employed by manufacturers such as Siemens.

Others are responsible for the design and manufacture of implants such as hip and knee joints and metal implants used to strengthen backbones or assist the healing of fractures. Smith and Nephew is an example of an employer in this sector.

Patients, especially those with a disability, need a host of devices to help them to live as near to normal as is possible. These include wheelchairs, callipers, false legs, equipment that enables them to manipulate things and much more. Often engineers work directly with patients, especially at orthopaedic hospitals and sometimes for firms that mass produce such equipment. They design something that will enhance people’s quality of life.

The pharmaceutical industry provides a quite different set of challenges, which are usually tackled by chemical engineers and biochemical engineers. Some of them design and install the plant to manufacture the relevant chemicals, while others run the manufacturing of pharmaceuticals and maintain production equipment. Mechanical engineers provide the parts while electrical and electronic engineers provide the power and control systems.

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