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The purpose of these newer forms of technology and sources of power are to help reduce the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and the potential dramatic changes to our climate. In addition to this, it is also about making processes more efficient and reducing the amount of energy that is wasted through smart meters etc. This is an expanding industry with science, technical, engineering and mathematics (STEM) skills at the fore.

Example roles include:

  • Energy Conservation Officer
  • Wind Turbine Design Engineer
  • Wind Forecasting Manager
  • Project Manager for Offshore Wind Farm Construction
  • Energy and Ecodesign Specialist
  • Wind Resource Analyst

Waste management

Imagine what would happen if your bins weren’t collected or sorted – although not very glamorous, this area of work is vital for the ongoing health and safety of our communities. Every year we produce 434 million tonnes of waste and that requires a lot of people to help sort it out, in every corner of the UK.

Example roles include:

  • Energy from Waste Engineers
  • Environmental Engineers
  • Landfill Supervisors
  • Recycling Operatives


Water and sanitation, similar to waste management, is vital to the health and safety of society. The UK water industry is one of the best in the world and worth millions of pounds. Challenges faced by the industry include maintaining high standards of sanitation particularly during times of flood, dealing with reduced water tables and designing efficient water treatment processes.

Example roles include:

  • Water Quality Sampling Officer
  • Environmental Technicians
  • Mechanical Technicians
  • Civil and Mechanical Engineers

Oil and gas

The oil and gas industry offers a variety of job opportunities. Many are office based, but some still demand working in difficult conditions, in the far corners of the world.

Exploration and Production
This sector provides job opportunities at every level. Looking for new oil reserves involves seismic surveying and analysis.

Production also includes more specialist jobs in areas such as drilling, and electrical, chemical and mechanical engineering.

From specialists to general technical assistants, from operating and maintenance staff to instrumentation and computer system experts, a wide range of mainly technical jobs exist.

Marketing and Distribution
A variety of opportunities also exist in this area. From junior accounts assistant to marketing director, from oil depot manager to systems analyst, this is an area where non-scientists can make their mark in the oil industry.

Research and Development
The search for new and better ways of finding and using oil is very important. Some of the most specialised jobs in the whole industry are to be found here. Scientists with a range of postgraduate qualifications usually lead the work, although there are some opportunities for laboratory and technical assistants.

Commercial Services
The efficient running of all parts of the industry depends on staff specialising in areas such as personnel, finance, contracts, trading, purchase and supply and IT.

Example job roles include:

  • Geophysicist
  • Petroleum Engineer
  • Hydrologist
  • Process Engineer
  • Geochemist
  • Chemical Engineer
  • Drilling Engineer
  • Mining Engineer
  • Oil Broker
  • Network Operatives/ Operations Manager
  • Gas Network Service and Mains Layers
  • Gas Service Engineers
  • Gas Emergency Engineers


Jobs in the nuclear sector can be found in decommissioning, power generation, processing, defence and new build. Currently 20% of the UK’s power comes from nuclear power stations and this looks set to increase in the future. This will require engineers, scientists, project managers and a whole host of other roles.

Example job roles include:

  • Technologist
  • Nuclear Scientist
  • Design Engineer
  • Safety Case Engineer
  • Lifetime Extension Engineer
  • Graphite Core Engineer
  • Operational Research Analyst
  • Nuclear Engineer
  • Plant Engineer

For more information visit Energy & Utility Skills or The Energy Institute.

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